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Formulas now contain DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and ARA (arachidonic acid). Both are long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids that are thought to have positive effects on visual and nervous system development in babies. These fatty acids are present in breast milk.
Milk Based Formulas - Milk based formulas are iron fortified and contain between 11-12 mg of iron per quart (daily iron requirement for infants).
Lactose Free Formulas - Lactose free formulas are milk-based and iron-fortified formulas that use corn syrup instead of lactose as the source of carbohydrate (sugar). These formulas can be used for babies who have lactose intolerance.
- Similac Advance with Iron
- Enfamil Liipil with Iron
- Nestle Good Start Supreme with Iron
Soy Based Formulas - Isomil Advance and Lipil Prosobee are soy protein and iron-fortified formulas. These formulas are used in infants with soy allergy and lactose intolerance.
- Similac Advance Lactose Free
- Enfamil Lipil Lactofree
Elemental Protein Hydolysate Formulas - Alimentum and Nutramigen are special formulas used in infants with milk allergy. These formulas are sometimes used in infants with colic.
- Isomil Advance
- Isomil DF Advance
- Prosobee Lipil
Neocate is a special formula for combined milk and soy allergy.
- Alimentum Advance
- Nutramigen Lipil
Follow-Up Formulas - Follow-Up formulas can be used for babies 9-12 months of age. Follow-Up formulas have slightly more protein, iron, calcium, and carbohydrates and slightly less fat. Do not use these formulas without consulting your baby's doctor.
Note: The following formulas are NOT recommended because they do not contain sufficient amounts of iron: Iron in formulas rarely causes constipation or stomach discomfort in infants.
- Similac Low Iron has 1/8 the iron content of iron-fortified formulas.
- Enfamil Low Iron "Improved Formulation" has approximately 1/3 the iron content of iron-fortified formulas.
Formula Forms - Types of Formulas
- Ready To Use
- Requires no mixing
- Most expensive
- Concentrated Liquid
- Requires mixing the concentrate in the can with an equal amount of water
- Less expensive
- requires mixing with water (see below)
- Least expensive
Powdered Formula Mixing Instructions
- Mix 2 ounces of water with one level scoop of powdered formula. Example: Mix 2 scoops of powdered formula with 4 ounces of water.
- Use the scoop included with the formula can.
- For easier mixing, pour the powder into the bottle and add half the required amount of water.
- Shake well and then add the other half of the water.
- Formulas do not have to be warmed before use. Some babies like the formula cold or at room temperature. For warming, place the bottle in a container of warm water or hold under running warm tap water.
- Always check the temperature of the formula before giving it to your baby to ensure it is not too hot.
- Do not microwave formula as hot spots may develop and burn your baby's mouth
Formula Manufacturer Links